Takashi Kadowaki is Project Professor of Department of Prevention of Diabetes and Life-style Related Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine, the University of Tokyo. He served as Director of the University of Tokyo Hospital. He currently serves as Chairman of the Board of Directors of The Japan Diabetes Society and Chairman of Board of Directors of Japan Society for the Study of Obesity and also serves as Vice President of The Japanese Association of Medical Sciences. His major research interests include molecular basis of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes and he identified adiponectin receptors, Adipo R1 and Adipo R2 and he has authored more than 600 original articles and reviews. He has received many national and international awards including a Medal with Purple Ribbon from the Japanese Government, Japan Academy Prize, and Manpei Suzuki International Prize for Diabetes Research. He served as an Associate Editor of Diabtetologia, also served as an editorial board member of Diabetes, Diabetes Care and Journal of Clinical Investigation and currently is on the editorial board of Cell Metabolism and Molecular Metabolism and Associate Editor of The Journal of Endocrine Society.