Peng Li received B.S. degree from Beijing Normal University (China) in 1987 and Ph.D. degree from University of California at San Diego (U.S.A) in 1995. She then did her post-doctoral training in Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas (U.S.A) and Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology (Singapore) between 1996-1997. She became assistant professor and principal investigator in the Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology at the end of 1997. She then moved to Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in 2003 and became tenured associate professor in 2005. In 2006, she moved to the Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology (currently School of Life Sciences), Tsinghua University as a professor. Currently, she is an investigator of Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, Professor of School of Life Sciences in Tsinghua University and the director of the Division of Life Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China. Peng Li's research interest is in the area of lipid metabolism and the development of metabolic diseases include obesity and fatty liver disease with special focus on the biogenesis, fusion and growth of lipid droplets. Peng Li has published more than 70 papers in high impact interactional Journals including Cell, Nature Medicine, Nature Genetics, Nature Cell Biology, Cell Metabolism, Developmental Cell etc. Her research was cited more than 9000 times and she has been invited speakers of many international meetings including Gordon Research Conference, conference of International Conference on the Bioscience of Lipids (ICBL) and the FASEB Science Research Conference. She served as an editorial board member of various interactional Journals. She had been a chief scientist of National Basic Research Program of Ministry of Science and Technology in China (973 program), a steering committee member of the International Conference on the Bioscience of Lipids (ICBL), a scientific advisory board member of National Nature Science Foundation of China and vice president of Chinese Biophysics Society. She has received important awards including Singapore Young Scientist award in 1999, the Arthur Kornberg Memorial lecture award by A-IMBN in 2008 and Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation prize for Scientific and Technological Progress in Life Sciences in 2012. She was elected Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2015 and elected Fellow of TWAS in 2016.